The Famous Volcanic Spectacles in the World

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1.Laki Volcano in the Iceland

The Iceland is a place with over 100 volcanoes, of which 25 has once erupted in modern times. The most severe one took place in 1783, when the Laki Volcano, after centuries of dormant, suddenly revives, forming the 32-kilometer-wide lava flow covering an area of 565 square kilometers. The massive volcanic gas leads to the heavy smog filling the sky of the most part of Europe, and even the Syria and the Altai mountain area of the western Siberia. The fog shrouds the whole Europe and the haze falls on the ground rampantly, making thousands of people die of intense heat.


2.The Kilauea Volcano of America

Located in the southeast of Hawaii, the United States, the Kilauea Volcano is the most active volcano in the world. It still erupts a lot until today. The huge caldera at the mountain top, which contains many craters, is 4,027 meters in diameter and over 130 meters in depth. The lava, on the southwest of the caldera, sometimes sprays up forming the fountain and sometimes overflows the crater, like the waterfall. The natives have nicknamed it “Halemaʻumaʻu” meaning the "House of the ʻamaʻumaʻu fern".


3.Sangay of Ecuador

The Sangay National Park is located in the center of Ecuador, Morona, the junction of the Santiago, Chimborazo, and Tungurahua. It is in the equatorial region covering an area of 2720 square kilometers. The park boasts the longest-lasting active volcano—the Sangay. The mountain top with an elevation of 5410 meters is covered with white snow. The altitude difference of 4000 meters from the summit to the foot forms the remarkable landscape of Ecuador. The fertile land covered with the accumulated volcanic ashes nurtures the lush plants.

4. Krakatoa of Indonesia

Located in the Sunda Strait between the Java Island and Sumatra Island, the Krakatoa covers an above-water area of 10.5 square kilometers and rises to an elevation of 813 meters above the sea level.

Although it is not large, it is active. The eruption in 1883 hit the world like a sudden jolt. Experts estimated that its powerful explosive force is equivalent to 100 times the power of the atomic bomb threw in Hiroshima, Japan. The Austrians 3000 kilometers away also heard the massive roar. This explosion leads to the sinking of two-thirds of Krakatoa’s 45 square kilometers land.