Yugur Clothes and Hats

Yugur clothing has been influenced by the clothes of Mongolians and Tibetans but has distinct features of its own. Yugur clothes reflect their animal husbandry culture. There are several styles of clothing, robes and long boots. They are usually made of sheepskin, Tibetan woolen fabric, felt and silk. Yugur robes (or gowns) have a high collar and are about the same length as the body. Some of the high collars are ear level. The lower hem of women gowns is slit upwards. Most of the slit, collar, the hem of front part and the sleeve's cuff are inlaid or embroidered with lace or patterns. Outside the robe they like wearing scarlet, pink or jade green high-collar jackets made of satin. A typical well-dressed man sports a felt hat, a high-collared long gown buttoned on the left, a red-blue waist band and high boots.

Among the clothing and decorations of the Yugur, the most distinguished are the jewels and hats of Yugur women. Most the single women and young girls wear their hair in five or seven braids, and decorate themselves with a forehead belt. Most of the forehead belts are made of red cloth 5 or 6 centimeters in width, and inlaid with coral, shell slices and other decorations. The front part is worn with a necklace stringed together by coral and jade spheres of different colors. It looks like a pearl curtain hanging before the forehead, at the same level with the eyebrow. Yugur married women wear their hair in three braids, with one hung on the back, and the left and right ones hanging from the back of the ears to the breasts. They do not wear a forehead belt. Instead they wear "braid ornaments".

Braid ornaments are three pieces of long decoration belts that are bound to the three braids. The one on the back is hung with a row of big round shell slices from top to the bottom. The two pieces before the breast are respectively divided into three sections: upper, middle and bottom, and they are connected with metal loops in the middle. The upper sections is comparatively wider, in width, about 11 to 12 centimeters, and is hung on both sides before the breast, the upper end is in the shape of triangle. The two lower sections are slightly narrower, with a width of about 7 to 8 centimeters. They hang below the waist. The belts are inlaid and decorated with coral, agate, shell, pearl, silver plates and copper plates, which constitute all kinds of patterns. The bottom end of the lower section is decorated with colored silk tassels, which are beautiful and tasteful. The length of the braid ornaments is decided according to the figure and height of every person, and generally extends from the ears to the bottom hem of the gown. On their wedding day, a solemn ceremony is held for Yugur young women to dress them in their wedding clothes and prepare their braid ornaments.

Married Yugur women also wear a horn-shaped, red-tasseled white felt hat. This kind of hat is made of thin felt, with a pointy top. The brim of hat is comparatively wide and is inlaid with two strips of black silk. The back brim is slightly warped, and the front brim extends horizontally. The roof of hat is decorated with red tassels. It is said this is to memorialize a Yugur heroine that was murdered. The red tassels represent the blood on the top of her head when she died for her people.

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