Culture and Art of Hani People


Hani People is noted for their abundant literature forms ranging from mythology, legend, poem, riddle to proverb among others. Mythologies and legends are the most ancient and numerous, mostly preserved in epics such as Ausemise,The Origin of the World, People in the Ancient Time, At the Entry of Chanaya etc. Ausemise is the most widely spread and far reaching Hani mythological epic. Narrative poetry also occupies a crucial position in Hani literature, a good example is Arjiluoqiluoye and Zhasizhayi.

Music and Dance

There are two types of Hani folk songs: Habare and Anqigu. Habare, solemn song for toast, is usually sung in religious rituals, festivals, weddings or funerals. Anqigu, sung on mountains, is all about love and notable for its pretty and light melody. Hani lads enjoy playing three or four string instrument while girls love Bawu (a sort of flute shaped musical instrument made of bamboo) and Xiangmie (a small blowing bamboo instrument). On important festivals or occasions, songs and music are heard overnight.

Traditional Hani dances are Fan Dance, Wood Peacock Dance, Lezuo Dance, Money Stick Dance, Hand-clapping Dance, Three Strings Dance and Big Drum Dance etc. All these dances are linked with ancient legends and accompanied by fixed music. Worthy of mentioning is the glowing, festive style and unique features of the Big Drum Dance.

Musical Instruments

Typical Hani musical instruments include Three Strings, Four Strings, Hulusheng, Flute, Bawu and Xiangmie and suchlike. Bawu is the unique Hani musical instrument, which can generate elegant and touching melody, thus being good for expressing one's personal emotions.

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